Ascites: Ascites Symptoms, Fluid in Abdomen, Ascites Diagnosis

When fluid is formed inside the stomach, it is known as ascites. This buildup is made between two membrane layers that together form a peritoneum, a smooth pouch containing parts of the body. It is normal to have a small amount of fluid in the peritoneum cavity.

The rate of survival rate for people with cirrhosis ascites is approximately 50 percent. If you experience symptoms of ascites, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.

In this article, you will learn:-

  • What is ascites?
  • What causes ascites?
  • Symptoms¬†
  • diagnosis
  • What are the complications?

What is Ascites?


The name of the medicine for the production of fluid in the abdomen is ascites.

Stomach  contains many organs including stomach, bowel, pancreas, liver, spleen and kidneys.

There is a sheet of tissue (peritoneum) around these organs. It is composed of 2 layers. A layer lines the wall of the stomach. Covering other organs.

Layers produce a small amount of fluid so that the organs can move smoothly.

Sometimes the fluid is formed between 2 layers, which causes the stomach to swell. It can be very uncomfortable.

The construction of this fluid is called ascites.


Ascites: Ascites Symptom, Fluid in Abdomen, Ascites-Diagnosis
Fluid in Abdomen

What causes ascites?


Rising is the end result of a series of events. Cirrhosis is the most common cause of ascites. When liver cirrhosis occurs, blood flow is blocked through the liver.

This blockage causes a rise in pressure, mainly (portal), which carries the blood from the digestive tract to the liver. This situation is called portal hypertension.

Dropsiness occurs when the portal develops hypertension. Through urine, kidneys do not get rid of enough sodium (salt). Due to the lack of salt, a liquid is formed in the stomach that leads to ascites.


Symptoms of ascites


Resurrection often causes discomfort. have the following symptoms:

  1. weight gain
  2. Breathlessness is also called dyspnea
  3. Abdominal swelling
  4. fullness
  5. Feeling of pregnancy
  6. Indigestion
  7. vomiting
  8. Replace the stomach button
  9. Hemorrhoids that cause painful swelling near the anus
  10. ankle swelling
  11. Fatigue
  12. decreased appetite



To diagnose ascites, doctors can check your stomach and ask you about the last symptoms. The following tests can help you diagnose.

Who invented the Thermometer?

X-ray, which is an image inside the body

An ultrasound that uses sound waves to make a photo inside the body

Computer based tomography (CT) that creates a three-dimensional image in the body with X-rays.

Paracentisis, which is liquid removal and analysis of the stomach with a needle. This test can be used to detect ascites.


What are the complications of ascites?

Stomach aches, discomfort and difficulty breathing:

These problems can occur when there is too much fluid in the abdominal cavity. It can limit the patient’s ability to eat, walk and do daily activities.


As a result of ascites, fluid in the intestine can catch bacteria. When this happens, it is easily called bacterial peritonitis. This usually causes fever and stomachache. Diagnosis is usually done by taking a sample of the abdominal cavity as described above (i.e., the performance of paracetasis).

Severe bacterial peritonitis is a serious disease requiring treatment with ivy antibiotics. Once this infection is cured, long-term treatment with oral antibiotics is necessary to stop the repetition of the infection.

Fluid in the lungs:

This condition is called hepatic hydrothorax. The abdominal fluid fills the lungs (most on the right). It causes respiratory disorders, cough, hypoxemia (lack of oxygen in the blood) and / or chest pain. Liver hydrotherapy is treated by removing the abdominal abdominal of the parasite.

The kidney is bad:

Liver disease can cause kidney failure due to liver cirrhosis. This condition is called Hepatornal. It is rare, but can lead to serious illness and kidney failure.

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